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Fourier-Transform Infrared Imaging Spectroscopy and Laser Ablation -ICPMS New Vistas for Biochemical Analyses of Ischemic Stroke in Rat Brain

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-05-30, 09:12 and posted on 2024-05-30, 09:12 authored by Mohamed H. M. Ali, Fazle Rakib, Essam M. Abdelalim, Andreas Limbeck, Raghvendra Mall, Ehsan Ullah, Nasrin Mesaeli, Donald McNaughton, Tariq Ahmed, Khalid Al-Saad

Objective

Stroke is the main cause of adult disability in the world, leaving more than half of the patients dependent on daily assistance. Understanding the post-stroke biochemical and molecular changes are critical for patient survival and stroke management. The aim of this work was to investigate the photo-thrombotic ischemic stroke in male rats with particular focus on biochemical and elemental changes in the primary stroke lesion in the somatosensory cortex and surrounding areas, including the corpus callosum.


Materials and Methods

FT-IR imaging spectroscopy and LA-ICPMS techniques examined stroke brain samples, which were compared with standard immunohistochemistry studies.


Results

The FTIR results revealed that in the lesioned gray matter the relative distribution of lipid, lipid acyl and protein contents decreased significantly. Also at this locus, there was a significant increase in aggregated protein as detected by high-levels Aβ1-42. Areas close to the stroke focus experienced decrease in the lipid and lipid acyl contents associated with an increase in lipid ester, olefin, and methyl bio-contents with a novel finding of Aβ1-42 in the PL-GM and L-WM. Elemental analyses realized major changes in the different brain structures that may underscore functionality.


Conclusion

In conclusion, FTIR bio-spectroscopy is a non-destructive, rapid, and a refined technique to characterize oxidative stress markers associated with lipid degradation and protein denaturation not characterized by routine approaches. This technique may expedite research into stroke and offer new approaches for neurodegenerative disorders. The results suggest that a good therapeutic strategy should include a mechanism that provides protective effect from brain swelling (edema) and neurotoxicity by scavenging the lipid peroxidation end products.

Other Information

Published in: Frontiers in Neuroscience
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2018.00647

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

Qatar National Research Fund (CWSP11-C-1031-16084), Fourier-Transform Infrared Imaging Spectroscopy and Laser Ablation -ICPMS New Vistas for Biochemical Analyses of Ischemic Stroke in Rat Brain.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Frontiers

Publication Year

  • 2018

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Computing Research Institute - HBKU
  • Qatar Biomedical Research Institute - HBKU
  • Neurological Disorders Research Center - QBRI
  • Diabetes Research Center - QBRI
  • Qatar University
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU
  • Weill Cornell Medicine - Qatar

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    Qatar Biomedical Research Institute - HBKU

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