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10.1038_s41598-023-34191-y.pdf (988.79 kB)

Evaluating COVID-19 vaccination intentions and vaccine hesitancy among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder

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submitted on 2024-02-04, 05:06 and posted on 2024-02-05, 11:39 authored by Mohamed Adil Shah Khoodoruth, Widaad Nuzhah Chut-kai Khoodoruth, Abd Alrhem Mohamad Ramadan, Beena Johnson, Shaima Gulistan, Raf Bernard Corvera Deluvio, Mohammed Nasser Alamri, Majid Al-Abdulla, Sami Ouanes, Yasser Saeed Khan

As the global vaccination mass campaign against COVID-19 extended to children aged 5 to 11 years, some parents remained hesitant about their children being administered the vaccine despite data supporting its safety. Parent vaccine hesitancy (PVH) may have predisposed certain groups of children, particularly those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to COVID-19 when other neurotypical children would have been vaccinated. We investigated the current PVH in 243 parents of children with ASD and 245 controls using the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) scale. The study was conducted in Qatar from May to October 2022. Overall, 15.0% [95% CI 11.7%; 18.3%] of parents were vaccine-hesitant, with no difference (p = 0.054) between groups (ASD children [18.2%] vs. controls [11.7%]). The only sociodemographic factor associated with higher vaccine hesitancy was being a mother (as compared to being a father). The COVID-19 vaccine receipt rate at the time of the study did not differ between ASD (24.3%) and non-ASD groups (27.8%). Around two-thirds of parents of children with ASD refused or were unsure about vaccinating their children against COVID-19. We found that the intent to vaccinate against COVID-19 was higher in parents who were married and in those with a lower PACV total score. Continued public health efforts are needed to address vaccine hesitancy among parents.

Other Information

Published in: Scientific Reports
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Additional institutions affiliated with: Child Development Center - Rumailah Hospital


Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English


Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Mental Health Service - HMC
  • Communicable Disease Center - HMC
  • Rumailah Hospital - HMC
  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU
  • Qatar University
  • Qatar University Health - QU
  • College of Medicine - QU HEALTH

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