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10.1016_j.heliyon.2023.e15802.pdf (9.28 MB)

Enhanced adsorptive removal of rifampicin and tigecycline from single system using nano-ceria decorated biochar of mango seed kernel

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journal contribution
submitted on 2024-01-25, 07:01 and posted on 2024-01-25, 07:02 authored by Marwa El-Azazy, Ahmed S. El-Shafie, Reem Al-Mulla, Siham S. Hassan, Hassan I. Nimir

Pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) represent an emerging class of contaminants. With a potential to negatively impact human health and the ecosystem, existence of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic systems is becoming a worrying concern. Antibiotics is a major class of PhACs and their existence in wastewater signifies a health risk on the long run. With the purpose of competently removing antibiotics from wastewater, cost-effective, and copiously available waste-derived adsorbents were structured. In this study, mango seeds kernel (MSK), both as a pristine biochar (Py–MSK) and as a nano-ceria-laden (Ce–Py–MSK) were applied for the remediation of rifampicin (RIFM) and tigecycline (TIGC). To save time and resources, adsorption experiments were managed using a multivariate-based scheme executing the fractional factorial design (FrFD). Percentage removal (%R) of both antibiotics was exploited in terms of four variables: pH, adsorbent dosage, initial drug concentration, and contact time. Preliminary experiments showed that Ce–Py–MSK has higher adsorption efficiency for both RIFM and TIGC compared to Py–MSK. The %R was 92.36% for RIFM compared to 90.13% for TIGC. With the purpose of comprehending the adsorption process, structural elucidation of both sorbents was performed using FT-IR, SEM, TEM, EDX, and XRD analyses which confirmed the decoration of the adsorbent surface with the nano-ceria. BET analysis revealed that Ce–Py–MSK has a higher surface area (33.83 m2/g) contrasted to the Py–MSK (24.72 m2/g). Isotherm parameters revealed that Freundlich model best fit Ce–Py–MSK–drug interactions. A maximum adsorption capacity (q m ) of 102.25 and 49.28 mg/g was attained for RIFM and TIGC, respectively. Adsorption kinetics for both drugs conformed well with both pseudo-second order (PSO) and Elovich models. This study, therefore, has established the suitability of Ce–Py–MSK as a green, sustainable, cost-effective, selective, and efficient adsorbent for the treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater.

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Published in: Heliyon
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  • English



Publication Year

  • 2023

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This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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  • Qatar University
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU

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