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Electrical efficiency of the photovoltaic/thermal collectors cooled by nanofluids: Machine learning simulation and optimization by evolutionary algorithm

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-10-17, 06:57 and posted on 2023-10-18, 05:28 authored by Yan Cao, Elham Kamrani, Saeid Mirzaei, Amith Khandakar, Behzad Vaferi

Photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) are high-tech devices to transform solar radiation into electrical and thermal energies. Nano-coolants are recently considered to enhance the efficiency of PV/T systems. There is no accurate model to predict/optimize the PV/T systems’ electrical efficiency cooled by nano-coolants. Therefore, this research employs machine-learning approaches to simulate PV/T system electrical performance cooled by water-based nanofluids. The best topology of artificial neural networks, leastsquares support vector regression, and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) are found by trial-and-error and statistical analyses. The ANFIS is found as the best method for simulation of the electrical performance of the considered solar system. This approach predicted 200 experimental datasets with the absolute average relative deviation (AARD) of 13.6%, mean squared error (MSE) of 2.548, and R2 = 0.9534. Furthermore, the ANFIS model predicts a new external database containing 63 samples with the AARD=15.21%. The optimization stage confirms that 30 lit/hr of water-silica nano-coolant (3wt%, 12.5 nm) at radiation intensity of 788.285 W/m2 is the condition that maximizes electrical efficiency. In this optimum condition, the enhancement in the PV/T electrical efficiency is 27.7%. Finally, the fabricated ANFIS model has been utilized for generating several pure simulation predictions that have never been published before.

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Published in: Energy Reports
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2022

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This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU