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Effect of sintering additives on the properties of alumina toughened zirconia (ATZ)

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submitted on 2024-02-25, 07:57 and posted on 2024-02-25, 07:58 authored by M. K. G. Abbas, S. Ramesh, S. F. H. Tasfy, K. Y. Sara Lee, M. Gul, Besan Aljaoni

The effect of small amounts of copper oxide, manganese oxide, and stainless steel as sintering additives on the sintering behavior and mechanical properties of Alumina Toughened Zirconia (ATZ, 3Y-TZP with 20 wt% Al2O3) ceramic composites were evaluated and contrasted with that of undoped ATZ by using microwave sintering (MW) method. Green bodies were sintered at 1250°C, 1350°C, and 1500°C using a holding time of 5 min., with a heating rate of 30°C /min. In general, all ATZ samples exhibited a similar trend, as the results showed that the relative density and mechanical properties increased with increasing sintering temperature regardless of the addition of dopants. It was found that the addition of 0.2 wt% CuO, 0.5 wt% MnO2, and 0.2 wt% SS were beneficial in enhancing the densification and improving the mechanical properties of ATZ without inducing grain coarsening. The ATZ composite samples' relative density, tetragonal phase stability, microstructural evolution, Vickers hardness, and fracture toughness were revealed. The addition of 0.2 wt% CuO was the most beneficial in improving the properties of ATZ at a low sintering temperature of 1250°C since the sample obtained the highest relative density of 97%, Vickers hardness of 13.2GPa and fracture toughness of 6.5 MPa m1/2. In contrast, the undoped ATZ required a high sintering temperature to achieve comparable results to the doped samples. The ANOVA analysis revealed that the CuO-doped ATZ sample exhibited the highest significance and was the most suitable in improving both hardness (H) and fracture toughness (KIc) across all temperature conditions. This study also proved that the microwave sintering technique promotes the densification and mechanical properties of ceramic composites compared to the conventional sintering technique.


Other Information

Published in: MRS Communications
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1557/s43579-023-00400-y

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • Center for Advanced Materials - QU

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