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Effect of anions on the structural, morphological and dielectric properties of hydrothermally synthesized hydroxyapatite nanoparticles

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posted on 2022-11-22, 21:16 authored by Lakshmanaperumal Sundarabharathi, Deepalekshmi Ponnamma, Hemalatha Parangusan, Mahendran Chinnaswamy, Mariam Al Ali Al-Maadeed

Abstract

Synthetic nano hydroxyapatites (HA) have been considered as potential biomaterials for bone tissue engineering applications because of its excellent biological properties. The present work deals with the synthesis of HA nanoparticles from different anion source materials via autoclave assisted hydrothermal method. All the prepared HA nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformation infrared spectra, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectra and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. The XRD patterns reveal the pure and hexagonal phase structure with smaller crystallite size for HA obtained from various calcium salt precursors. HA particles prepared from nitrate precursors show spherical morphology with 32 nm grain size whereas those derived from the acetate, chloride and egg shell precursors respectively show needle-like, irregular and oval morphology. The effect of different anions on the dielectric properties and alternating conductivity of HA is investigated, as a polarized surface can trigger biological reactions. For the particles obtained from nitrate, acetate, chloride and egg shell precursors respectively give dielectric constant (εʹ) values of 9.96, 13.22, 9.92 and 10.86 at 5 MHz. The εʹ and dielectric loss (εʹʹ) values for the HA nanoparticles decrease with increase in the applied frequency as well. The alternating current conductivity values confirm that the as-synthesized HA samples exhibit insulating behavior. In short this article provides the various applicability of HA particles in optoelectronics and drug delivery.

Other Information

Published in: SN Applied Sciences
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42452-019-1807-3

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Publication Year

  • 2019

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University

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