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Drivers of MERS-CoV Emergence in Qatar

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-02-28, 08:13 and posted on 2024-02-28, 11:51 authored by Elmoubasher Farag, Reina Sikkema, Tinka Vinks, Md Islam, Mohamed Nour, Hamad Al-Romaihi, Mohammed Al Thani, Muzzamil Atta, Farhoud Alhajri, Salih Al-Marri, Mohd AlHajri, Chantal Reusken, Marion Koopmans

MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus) antibodies were detected in camels since 1983, but the first human case was only detected in 2012. This study sought to identify and quantify possible drivers for the MERS-CoV emergence and spillover to humans. A list of potential human, animal and environmental drivers for disease emergence were identified from literature. Trends in possible drivers were analyzed from national and international databases, and through structured interviews with experts in Qatar. The discovery and exploitation of oil and gas led to a 5-fold increase in Qatar GDP coupled with a 7-fold population growth in the past 30 years. The lifestyle gradually transformed from Bedouin life to urban sedentary life, along with a sharp increase in obesity and other comorbidities. Owing to substantial governmental support, camel husbandry and competitions flourished, exacerbating the already rapidly occurring desertification that forced banning of free grazing in 2005. Consequently, camels were housed in compact barns alongside their workers. The transition in husbandry leading to high density camel farming along with increased exposure to humans, combined with the increase of camel movement for the racing and breeding industry, have led to a convergence of factors driving spillover of MERS-CoV from camels to humans.

Other Information

Published in: Viruses
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11010022

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

MDPI

Publication Year

  • 2018

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Ministry of Public Health - State of Qatar
  • Ministry of Municipality and Environment - State of Qatar (-2021)
  • Ministry of Municipality - State of Qatar

Geographic coverage

Qatar

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