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Diesel-fired boiler performance and emissions measurements using a combination of diesel and palm biodiesel

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submitted on 2023-10-24, 10:19 and posted on 2023-10-24, 11:21 authored by Krunal Khiraiya, P.V. Ramana, Hitesh Panchal, Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni, Mohammad Hossein Doranehgard, Mohammad Khalid

Biodiesel is widely accepted as a fuel that is similar to diesel with various advantages. Biodiesel's low-temperature flow qualities are one of its characteristics that limits its use. The goal of this study was to see how volumetric blends of palm biodiesel and diesel, and diesel as a fuel affected the performance and emissions characteristics of a diesel fired vertical coil type, water tube, and non IBR boiler. Various volumetric blends were prepared like PB25, PB50, PB75, PB100 and test in diesel fired boiler with variation in injection pressure. Performance of PB25, PB50, PB75, and PB100 fuels was observed 62.73%, 62.45%, 62.36%, and 62.32%, respectively, compare to pure diesel the value of all blends is either slightly higher or comparative. The maximum boiler efficiency with B100 fuel is 64.98%, which is lower than the pure diesel as fuel 65.30%. Because B100 has a higher kinematic viscosity, it has a larger droplet diameter which lead to poor spray formation and thus a lower boiler efficiency. At 11 bar fuel injection pressure, maximum EGT for diesel, PB25, PB50, PB75, and PB100 fuels is 300 °C, 295 °C, 308 °C, 328 °C, and 340 °C, respectively. Other blends, with the exception of B25, have higher EGT than diesel fuel. At a same fuel injection pressure of 11 bar, CO emissions from diesel, B25, B50, B75, and pure palm biodiesel fuels are 0.037%/Vol., 0.0336%/Vol., 0.0326%/Vol., 0.033%/Vol., and 0.036%/Vol., respectively. CO emissions for PB50 are the lowest of all the fuels tested, followed by B25, diesel, and B100. CO emissions from diesel, PB25, PB50, PB75, and PB100 fuels at maximum fuel pressure are 0.0605%/Vol., 0.0616%/Vol., 0.0605%/Vol., 0.060%/Vol., and 0.05%/Vol., respectively. When compared to diesel fuel, CO emissions from B100 fuel are 21% higher. The highest HC emissions are 18 ppm, 16 ppm, 14 ppm, 13 ppm, and 12 ppm for diesel, PB25, PB50, PB75, and PB100 fuel, respectively. When utilizing B100 fuel, HC emissions are reduced by around half compared to when using diesel fuel.

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Published in: Case Studies in Thermal Engineering
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Publication Year

  • 2021

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This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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  • Qatar University
  • Center for Advanced Materials - QU

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