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Diabetic Sensorimotor Polyneuropathy Severity Classification Using Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System

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submitted on 2023-08-30, 07:15 and posted on 2023-09-24, 06:48 authored by Fahmida Haque, Mamun B. I. Reaz, Muhammad E. H. Chowdhury, Fazida H. Hashim, Norhana Arsad, Sawal H. M. Ali

Diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) is an early indicator for non-healing diabetic wounds and diabetic foot ulcers, which account for one of the most common complications of diabetes, leading to increased healthcare cost, decreased quality of life, infections, amputations, and death. Early detection and intelligent classification tools for DSPN can allow correct diagnosis and treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy as well as a timely intervention to prevent foot ulceration, amputation, and other diabetic complications. Hence, to successfully mitigate the prevalence of DSPN, this study aims to depict an intelligent DSPN severity classifier using Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS). Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrumentation (MNSI) was considered as the input for identification and stratification of DSPN. Patients have been classified into four classes: Absent, Mild, Moderate, and Severe. The model accuracy was validated with the results from different machine learning algorithms. The Accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the ANFIS model are 91.17±1.18%, 92±2.26%, 96.72±0.93%, respectively. The proposed classifier was used to classify the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) clinical trial patients and observed that in the first, eighth, and nineteenth EDIC years 18.31%, 39.45%, and 59.14% patients had different levels of DSPN. This study also investigates the changes in muscle activity during gait from three different lower limb muscles (vastus lateralis (VL), tibialis anterior (TA), and gastrocnemius medialis (GM)) electromyography (EMG) of DSPN patients with different severity levels classified by the proposed classifier and observed that VL and GM muscles show an increase in delay for activation peak and decrease in peak magnitude during gait with the progression of DSPN severity. Based on this observation, the ANFIS model was trained using the extracted EMG features for DSPN severity stratification and showed promising results. Our proposed ANFIS based severity classifier using both MNSI variables and EMG features will help health professionals to diagnose and stratify DSPN severity based on both signs and symptoms and electrophysiological changes due to DSPN.

Other Information

Published in: IEEE Access
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.3048742

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

IEEE

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU