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Development of highly active Cu-based CO2 hydrogenation catalysts by solution combustion synthesis (SCS): Effects of synthesis variables

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submitted on 2023-11-09, 12:05 and posted on 2023-11-09, 12:52 authored by Sardar Ali, Dharmesh Kumar, Kartick C. Mondal, Muftah H. El-Naas

This work investigates the effects of solution combustion synthesis (SCS) variables on the performance of copper-based catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol. The catalyst with a composition of 30wt%CuO50%ZnO/Al2O3 was prepared at various glycine to nitrates (G/O) ratios in the range between 0.1 and 1.23. A correlation of the effects of calcination and activation temperatures with catalytic activity was also studied. The catalyst synthesized at a G/O ratio of 0.206, calcined in air at 400 °C and activated in a stream of pure hydrogen at a temperature of 350 °C resulted in a significant improvement in the performance of the catalyst for CO2 hydrogenation. The exceptionally high catalytic performance of the catalyst was attributed to the synergic effects between small well-dispersed CuO nanoparticles and high number of induced copper phases. The highest activity of the catalyst was recorded at an operating temperature of 300 °C, a pressure of 85 bar and GHSV of 7000 h−1. The CO2 conversion, CO selectivity and methanol selectivity under these conditions were 30%, 38.60%, and 61.4%, respectively; whereas, methanol and CO yields were 0.52gMeOH/g-cat.h and 0.33gCO/g-cat.h, respectively.

Other Information

Published in: Catalysis Communications
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2022.106543

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2022

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU
  • Gas Processing Center - QU
  • Qatar Science & Technology Park
  • Qatar Shell Research & Technology Center QSTP LLC

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