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10.1016_j.seppur.2022.121320.pdf (5.98 MB)

Development of a novel tailored ion-imprinted polymer for recovery of lithium and strontium from reverse osmosis concentrated brine

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-12-05, 09:48 and posted on 2023-12-06, 10:44 authored by Sara M. Alshuiael, Mohammad A. Al-Ghouti

This study aims to prepare ion-imprinted polymer (IIP) with the benefit of a metal-based sorbent, which is fabricated to selectively adsorb lithium (Li+) from aqueous solutions, and in an attempt to remove strontium (Sr2+). The adsorption processes were carried out at different pH values, initial concentrations, and temperatures, to optimize the experimental conditions, with the use of response surface methodology (RSM). The seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) brine was physically and chemically characterized, and the physicochemical characterization of the prepared IIP before and after adsorption was also performed using different spectroscopic methods. The adsorption capacity for Li+ and Sr2+ from SWRO brine was evaluated, and the reusability of IIP was investigated using adsorption–desorption cycles. The results showed that the IIP was efficient to remove Li+ but not Sr2+, and it follows Freundlich adsorption isotherms models. The analysis revealed a significant concentration of minerals in the brine sample It also revealed a low concentration of trace metals, like Ba (0.16 mg/L), Zn (0.845 mg/L), Fe (1.31 mg/L), Cu (1.165 mg/L), Pb (1.505 mg/L), and V (3.88 mg/L), except Li and Sr which shows a higher concentration of 43.32 mg/L and 16.93 mg/L respectively. pH 10 was selected to be the optimum pH for the adsorption isotherm experiments, as it was the highest efficient pH to adsorb Li+ and Sr2+. The thermodynamics study revealed that the adsorption of Li+ on the IIP favored exothermic conditions. It was noticed that the maximum adsorption capacity (Qm) was increased as the temperature rise from 714.3 mg/g at 25 °C to 2500 mg/g at 45 °C. The Li+ desorption results show that 94.03% − 94.71% of the ions were recovered, while the Sr2+ desorption results show that 96.35% − 96.56% of the ions were recovered. The efficiency of IIP to adsorb lithium and strontium from brine shows that the adsorption removal% of Li+ was between 84.21% and 84.68%, while the adsorption removal% of Sr2+ was between 3.83% and 10%. The cost analysis for IIP preparation was 2 USD/g.

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Published in: Separation and Purification Technology
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Publication Year

  • 2022

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This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU