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10.1016_j.enconman.2023.117687.pdf (3.58 MB)

Developing integrated direct air capture and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage systems: progress towards 2 °C and 1.5 °C climate goals

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submitted on 2023-12-19, 05:20 and posted on 2024-01-10, 05:41 authored by Eric C. Okonkwo, Ahmed AlNouss, Muhammad Shahbaz, Tareq Al-Ansari

Negative emissions technologies are gaining widespread acceptance as crucial tools in achieving climate goals, such as keeping global temperatures below 2 °C of pre-industrial levels by 2100. Two technologies central to carbon dioxide removal efforts are direct air capture and Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage. While both technologies have undergone extensive study, only a few studies have explored the potential of using biomass as an energy source for direct air capture technology. This is despite bioenergy with carbon capture having the ability to provide carbon-negative heat and power, as well as its potential impact on the climate mitigation goals of the century. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of meeting the energy requirements of a direct air capture unit using bioenergy. Combining these units will result in compounded negative emissions for the integrated system. The objective is to examine the thermal and electrical requirements of the two primary approaches used in direct air capture design: the liquid solvent and solid sorbent direct air capture units, and to calculate the compounded negative emissions achieved by integrating them with bioenergy. The results of this study demonstrate that for a direct air capture plant capturing 1 mega ton of carbon dioxide per year, approximately 1200 and 2400 tons of biomass per day would be sufficient to meet the energy needs of the solid sorbent and liquid solvent direct air capture systems, respectively. The combined capture efficiency of both types of direct air capture systems integrated with bioenergy stands at 91.19% to 93.9% with overall carbon captured up to 1.51 mega tons of carbon dioxide per year. Over the century, integrating bioenergy into direct air capture units can remove gigaton levels of carbon from the atmosphere without disrupting the demand–supply dynamics of existing and future energy systems.

Other Information

Published in: Energy Conversion and Management
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2023.117687

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU