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Data-driven enhancement of cubic phase stability in mixed-cation perovskites

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submitted on 2024-05-09, 07:45 and posted on 2024-05-09, 07:47 authored by Heesoo Park, Adnan Ali, Raghvendra Mall, Halima Bensmail, Stefano Sanvito, Fedwa El-Mellouhi

Mixing cations has been a successful strategy in perovskite synthesis by solution-processing, delivering improvements in the thermodynamic stability as well as in the lattice parameter control. Unfortunately, the relation between a given cation mixture and the associated structural deformation is not well-established, a fact that hinders an adequate identification of the optimum chemical compositions. Such difficulty arises since local distortion and microscopic disorder influence structural stability and also determine phase segregation. Hence, the search for an optimum composition is currently based on experimental trial and error, a tedious and high-cost process. Here, we report on a machine-learning-reinforced cubic-phase-perovskite stability predictor that has been constructed over an extensive dataset of first-principles calculations. Such a predictor allows us to determine the cubic phase stability at a given cation mixture regardless of the various cations’ pair and concentration, even assessing very dilute concentrations, a notoriously challenging task for first-principles calculations. In particular, we construct machine learning models, predicting multiple target quantities such as the enthalpy of mixing and various octahedral distortions. It is then the combination of these targets that guide the laboratory synthesis. Our theoretical analysis is also validated by the experimental synthesis and characterization of methylammonium–dimethylammonium-mixed perovskite thin films, demonstrating the ability of the stability predictor to drive the chemical design of this class of materials.

Other Information

Published in: Machine Learning: Science and Technology
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/2632-2153/abdaf9

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

IOP Publishing

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute - HBKU
  • Qatar Computing Research Institute - HBKU