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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Ibuprofen Versus Indomethacin or Paracetamol for the Treatment of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Preterm Neonates

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-01-21, 05:59 and posted on 2024-01-21, 09:12 authored by Samaher Al-Shaibi, Dina Abushanab, Fouad Abounahia, Ahmed Awaisu, Daoud Al-Badriyeh

This was a first-time evaluation that sought to analyze the cost-effectiveness of oral paracetamol and intravenous (IV) indomethacin as alternatives to ibuprofen for PDA in neonates. Decision-analytic, literature-based, economic simulation models were constructed, to follow up the use and consequences of oral/IV ibuprofen versus IV indomethacin, and oral/IV ibuprofen versus oral paracetamol, as first-line therapies for PDA closure. Model outcomes of interest were “success”, defined as PDA closure with/without adverse events, or “failure” due to no response to the first course of treatment, death or premature discontinuation of therapy due to adverse events. Oral ibuprofen is dominant/cost-effective over IV indomethacin in 97.9% of simulated cases, but oral paracetamol was 75.2% dominant/cost-effective over oral ibuprofen. Against IV ibuprofen, IV indomethacin was 55.3% dominant/cost-effective, whereas oral paracetamol was dominant/cost-effective in 98.5% of the cases. Sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of the study results. For PDA closure, while IV indomethacin was cost-effective against IV ibuprofen, oral paracetamol was cost-effective against both oral and IV ibuprofen.

Other Information

Published in: Current Problems in Cardiology
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • Qatar University Health - QU
  • College of Pharmacy - QU HEALTH
  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Drug Information Center - HMC