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Correction: Prevalence of polypharmacy and the association with non-communicable diseases in Qatari elderly patients attending primary healthcare centers: A cross-sectional study

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submitted on 2024-07-10, 05:47 and posted on 2024-07-10, 05:50 authored by Ayman Al-Dahshan, Noora Al-Kubiasi, Manal Al-Zaidan, Wael Saeed, Vahe Kehyayan, Iheb Bougmiza

Correction to: Prevalence of polypharmacy and the association with non-communicable diseases in Qatari elderly patients attending primary healthcare centers: A cross-sectional study. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234386, published online 11 June 2020.

Background

Polypharmacy has become a global public health concern particularly in the elderly population. The elderly population is the most susceptible to the negative effects of polypharmacy due to their altered pharmacokinetics and decreased drug clearance. Therefore, polypharmacy can lead to poor health status and higher rates of morbidity and mortality.

Objective

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of polypharmacy (≥ 5 drugs) and its association with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in elderly (≥65 years) Qatari patients attending Primary Healthcare (PHC) centers in Qatar.

Methods

A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was conducted using the Electronic Medical Record (EMR) database of all PHC centers in Qatar for six months (April-September 2017).

Results

Out of 5639 patients screened, 75.5% (95% CI: 74.3–76.6) were exposed to polypharmacy. Females were 1.18 times more likely to have polypharmacy compared to males (95% CI: 1.03–1.34). The multivariate analysis identified having hypertension (AOR 1.71; 95% CI: 1.38–2.13), diabetes (AOR 2.38; 95% CI: 1.97–2.87), dyslipidemia (AOR 1.29; 95% CI: 1.06–1.56), cardiovascular disease (AOR 1.56; 95% CI: 1.25–1.95) and asthma (AOR 1.39; 95% CI: 1.13–1.72) to be independent parameters associated with polypharmacy. Also, the Body Mass Index (BMI) and number of NCDs were found to be significant independent parameters associated with polypharmacy.

Conclusions

The prevalence of polypharmacy among Qatari elderly attending PHC Centers is very high. Our findings confirm the strong relationship between polypharmacy and BMI, and certain NCDs. Healthcare professionals should be educated about the magnitude of polypharmacy, its negative effects, and its associated factors. Best practice guidelines should be developed for improved medical practice in the prescription of medications for such a vulnerable population.

Other Information

Published in: PLOS ONE
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0238343

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Public Library of Science (PLoS)

Publication Year

  • 2020

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Education and Research - HMC
  • Primary Health Care Corporation
  • University of Calgary in Qatar

Geographic coverage

Qatar