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Comparison of two storage units for a sustainable off‐grid climate refuge shelter

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submitted on 2023-03-15, 08:03 and posted on 2023-03-16, 06:22 authored by Fariha Niaz, Manal AlShafi, Yusuf Bicer

Considering the broad range of applications, efficient retrieval and storing electrical energy methods are still challenging. Besides the load variations, the ever-increasing intermittent renewable energy penetration into the grid system has witnessed the system complexities. In off-grid applications, energy storage can balance electricity consumption and electricity generation to avoid voltage and frequency deviations. This research paper focuses on the energy management of an off-grid climate refuge system used for hot and arid locations with a system comparison for two routes of different storage techniques, namely flywheels and a lithium-ion battery. The proposed system can generate its power from photovoltaics and provide cooling and other auxiliaries through vapor compression cycle and water misting units with an operation of about 16 hours (ie, from 7:00 am to 11:00 pm) on the weekdays and 12 hours on the weekends. A comparison of levelized costs is conducted for the evaluation using HOMER software. The annual energy production by solar photovoltaics for the proposed system is 20 MWh, and the annual consumption is 16 MWh. The photovoltaic-battery storage system has shown the lowest cost of electricity, corresponding to 0.761 $/kWh, and net present cost of $66 238 and is optimum in all sensitivity analysis cases.

Other Information

Published in: Energy Storage
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/est2.258

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Wiley

Publication Year

  • 2021

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University

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