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Comparative computational study to augment UbiA prenyltransferases inherent in purple photosynthetic bacteria cultured from mangrove microbial mats in Qatar for coenzyme Q10 biosynthesis.

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-04-16, 08:05 and posted on 2024-04-16, 08:06 authored by Drishya M. George, Ramya Ramadoss, Hamish R. Mackey, Annette S. Vincent

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a powerful antioxidant with a myriad of applications in healthcare and cosmetic industries. The most effective route of CoQ10 production is microbial biosynthesis. In this study, four CoQ10 biosynthesizing purple photosynthetic bacteria: Rhodobacter blasticus, Rhodovulum adriaticum, Afifella pfennigii and Rhodovulum marinum, were identified using 16S rRNA sequencing of enriched microbial mat samples obtained from Purple Island mangroves (Qatar). The membrane bound enzyme 4-hydroxybenzoate octaprenyltransferase (UbiA) is pivotal for bacterial biosynthesis of CoQ10. The identified bacteria could be inducted as efficient industrial bio-synthesizers of CoQ10 by engineering their UbiA enzymes. Therefore, the mutation sites and substitution residues for potential functional enhancement were determined by comparative computational study. Two mutation sites were identified within the two conserved Asp-rich motifs, and the effect of proposed mutations in substrate binding affinity of the UbiA enzymes was assessed using multiple ligand simultaneous docking (MLSD) studies, as a groundwork for experimental studies.

Other Information

Published in: Biotechnology Reports
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  • English



Publication Year

  • 2022

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • College of Health and Life Sciences - HBKU
  • College of Science and Engineering - HBKU
  • Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar