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Combined Noncoding RNA-mRNA Regulomics Signature in Reprogramming and Pluripotency in iPSCs

journal contribution
submitted on 2024-04-01, 06:49 and posted on 2024-04-01, 06:49 authored by Salam Salloum-Asfar, Sara A. Abdulla, Rowaida Z. Taha, I. Richard Thompson, Mohamed M. Emara

Somatic cells are reprogrammed with reprogramming factors to generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), offering a promising future for disease modeling and treatment by overcoming the limitations of embryonic stem cells. However, this process remains inefficient since only a small percentage of transfected cells can undergo full reprogramming. Introducing miRNAs, such as miR-294 and miR302/3667, with reprogramming factors, has shown to increase iPSC colony formation. Previously, we identified five transcription factors, GBX2, NANOGP8, SP8, PEG3, and ZIC1, which may boost iPSC generation. In this study, we performed quantitative miRNAome and small RNA-seq sequencing and applied our previously identified transcriptome to identify the potential miRNA–mRNA regulomics and regulatory network of other ncRNAs. From each fibroblast (N = 4), three iPSC clones were examined (N = 12). iPSCs and original fibroblasts expressed miRNA clusters differently and miRNA clusters were compared to mRNA hits. Moreover, miRNA, piRNA, and snoRNAs expression profiles in iPSCs and original fibroblasts were assessed to identify the potential role of ncRNAs in enhancing iPSC generation, pluripotency, and differentiation. Decreased levels of let-7a-5p showed an increase of SP8 as described previously. Remarkably, the targets of identifier miRNAs were grouped into pluripotency canonical pathways, on stemness, cellular development, growth and proliferation, cellular assembly, and organization of iPSCs.

Other Information

Published in: Cells
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cells11233833

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

MDPI

Publication Year

  • 2022

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Biomedical Research Institute - HBKU
  • Neurological Disorders Research Center - QBRI
  • Qatar University
  • Qatar University Health - QU
  • College of Medicine - QU HEALTH

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