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Colorectal cancer awareness and its predictors among adults aged 50–74 years attending primary healthcare in the State of Qatar: a cross-sectional study

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submitted on 2023-03-15, 11:52 and posted on 2023-07-13, 10:37 authored by Ayman Al-DahshanAyman Al-Dahshan, Mohamad ChehabMohamad Chehab, Mohamed Bala, Mieaad Omer, Omayma AlMohamed, Noora Al-Kubaisi, Nagah Selim

Objective 

The current study aimed to assess the awareness of colorectal cancer (CRC) symptoms and risk factors among the at-risk population visiting the primary healthcare (PHC) centres in Qatar. The secondary objective was to assess the differences in awareness among population subgroups.

Design 

A cross-sectional study design was employed.

Setting 

The study was conducted across six PHC centres in Qatar.

Participants 

Patients, or their accompanying people, aged 50–74 years and Arabic or English speakers, were recruited from the main waiting areas of the selected PHC centres.

Data collection and analysis 

Participants were interviewed using the validated Bowel/Colorectal Cancer Awareness Measure questionnaire. A non-probability convenient sampling technique was applied to recruit participants. Descriptive and analytic statistics were used when appropriate. A multivariate linear regression model was constructed to identify the independent predictors of CRC awareness.

Results 

The study includes 448 participants (response rate=87%). The mean age of the participants was 58.48 years (SD ±6.37). The mean awareness score among the participants was 3.63/9 (SD ±2.7) for CRC symptoms and 5.43/11 (SD ±3.3) for CRC risk factors. The overall mean awareness score was 9.03/20 (SD ±5.5). Multivariate linear regression identified the female gender (2.52 (95% CI 1.15 to 3.88)), non-Qatari Arab (2.91 (95% CI 1.64 to 4.18)) or non-Arab nationalities (1.76 (95% CI 0.28 to 3.24)), and tertiary education (4.10 (95% CI 2.55 to 5.66)) as independent predictors of higher CRC awareness.

Conclusion 

In general, the awareness of CRC symptoms and risk factors was low among the at-risk population in Qatar. Specifically, the regression analysis showed men, Qataris, and those with no formal education had low awareness of CRC symptoms and risk factors. Such results emphasise the importance of tailoring future educational campaigns that are relevant, specific and appealing to such cohort. 

Other information

Published in: BMJ Open
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
See article on publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035651

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

BMJ

Publication Year

  • 2020

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Medical Education - HMC
  • Primary Health Care Corporation

Geographic coverage

Qatar

Usage metrics

    Hamad Medical Corporation

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