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Bond durability performance of sand-coated BFRP bars in high-strength fiber reinforced concrete

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submitted on 2023-07-05, 10:47 and posted on 2023-07-05, 12:34 authored by Abathar Al-Hamrani, Wael Alnahhal

The ever-increasing utilization of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) bars has led to a surge in research regarding their bonding properties with concrete. In this study, the bond durability behavior between high-strength fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) and sand-coated basalt FRP (BFRP) bars was examined under three different environmental conditions including immersion in seawater solution at 50 °C for 3, 6, and 9 months, immersion in the sulfuric acid solution for 3, 6, and 9 months with an ambient temperature range of 20 to 30 °C, and exposure to 270 freeze–thaw cycles. A total of 60 pull-out samples were prepared using either basalt (B) fibers or polypropylene (PP) fibers. Plain concrete pull-out samples were served as controls. Test results revealed that all exposures have degraded the bond, leading to pull-out failure in all of the specimens. Exposure to 50 °C seawater was found to cause the most significant degradation. However, the use of basalt fibers helped to mitigate the loss of bond strength in the specimens when compared to plain concrete specimens. For example, after 3, 6, and 9 months of exposure to 50 °C seawater, bond strength retentions of 73.58%, 56.04%, and 34.47% were observed for basalt FRC (BFRC) specimens, compared to 39.64%, 49.37%, and 29.61% for plain concrete specimens. On the other hand, a lower retention in bond strength of 16.28% was recorded for polypropylene FRC (PPFRC) specimens at 9 months of exposure to 50 °C seawater. The bond stress-slip relationship of the tested bars was accurately predicted using two calibrated analytical models: the Eligehausen, Popov, and Bertero (BPE) model and the Cosenza, Manfredi, and Realfonzo (CMR) model. Notably, both models showed a strong correlation with the observed bond stress-slip relationships in the experiments.

Other Information

Published in: Composite Structures
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2023.117306

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU

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