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Automated liver tissues delineation techniques: A systematic survey on machine learning current trends and future orientations

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-11-09, 12:12 and posted on 2023-11-09, 12:58 authored by Ayman Al-Kababji, Faycal Bensaali, Sarada Prasad Dakua, Yassine Himeur

Machine learning and computer vision techniques have grown rapidly in recent years due to their automation, suitability, and ability to generate astounding results. Hence, in this paper, we survey the key studies that are published between 2014 and 2022, showcasing the different machine learning algorithms researchers have used to segment the liver, hepatic tumors, and hepatic-vasculature structures. We divide the surveyed studies based on the tissue of interest (hepatic-parenchyma, hepatic-tumors, or hepatic-vessels), highlighting the studies that tackle more than one task simultaneously. Additionally, the machine learning algorithms are classified as either supervised or unsupervised, and they are further partitioned if the amount of work that falls under a certain scheme is significant. Moreover, different datasets and challenges found in literature and websites containing masks of the aforementioned tissues are thoroughly discussed, highlighting the organizers’ original contributions and those of other researchers. Also, the metrics used excessively in the literature are mentioned in our review, stressing their relevance to the task at hand. Finally, critical challenges and future directions are emphasized for innovative researchers to tackle, exposing gaps that need addressing, such as the scarcity of many studies on the vessels’ segmentation challenge and why their absence needs to be dealt with sooner than later.

Other Information

Published in: Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • College of Engineering - QU
  • Hamad Medical Corporation