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Association of pharmacy students' cultural beliefs with perceived knowledge, beliefs, confidence, and experience with complementary medicine

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journal contribution
submitted on 2023-10-05, 08:03 and posted on 2023-10-05, 11:15 authored by Farhat Naz Hussain, Daniel Rainkie, Feras Qasem Alali, Kyle John Wilby

Background and purpose

Culture has been shown to inform patients' acceptance and use of complementary medicine (CM) treatment. It is unknown how a pharmacist or pharmacy student's culture may be associated with perceptions of CM relating to patient care. Gaining a better understanding of this concept within student populations may inform educational needs for programs situated within culturally diverse settings. The purpose of this study was to explore how pharmacy students' cultural beliefs influence perceived knowledge, confidence, and practice with respect to CM.

Educational activity and setting

A cross-sectional survey was distributed to all undergraduate pharmacy (professional years 1–4) and postgraduate doctor of pharmacy students. Results from the item “CM is an important aspect of my culture” were correlated with all other items using Spearman's correlation coefficient.


Senior students who had completed a two-credit hour course appeared to be more confident in their practice skills relating to CM and showed positive correlations with culture and effectiveness of CM. Senior students acknowledged the importance of CM knowledge as a student and within pharmacy practice. Junior students showed a positive correlation with culture and past use.


Pharmacy students in the College of pharmacy were positive towards the use of CM, with culture playing an important role. Students who perceived CM as an important aspect of their culture were more confident in their practice skills relating to CM. Future research is required to assess impact of students' cultural beliefs on practice.

Other Information

Published in: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
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Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Qatar University
  • Qatar University Health - QU
  • College of Pharmacy - QU HEALTH

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