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Assessment of resin systems as solution for well integrity challenge in carbonate reservoirs

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submitted on 2024-01-15, 11:42 and posted on 2024-01-16, 11:57 authored by Albertus Retnanto, Rommel Yrac, Nicola Cardena, Shahroz Khan, Ali Al-Abssi, Adhika Retnanto

Well integrity is defined as technical, operational, and organizational solutions specifically aimed at the reduction of the risk of formation fluids release throughout a well's life cycle. Cement integrity is one of the main aspects that comprises well integrity. Cement integrity must be ensured throughout a well's life cycle as well as after abandonment. If the cement was to lose its integrity, the consequences for the personnel, the equipment, and the environment could be severe. Cement failures might lead to leakages that can seep through the cement pathways; sealant materials are used to plug these pathways. The actual and real-time disputes are mainly dependent on the technical approaches currently available to limit the main causes of well integrity deficiency. These include cementing jobs, substantial design based on downhole conditions, material selection criticality, well construction performance, and technological resources. Additionally, in this specific context, well integrity also refers to the control of the flow inside the wellbore (between different horizons) and the flow from the well (especially in the annulus behind the casing). The worst-case scenario would be the loss of wellbore integrity, and it would be identified as the collapse of the well caused by failure of the construction material. The focal point of the research presented in this paper is the cement quality and its role in developing the most vigorous well casing possible. The focus was centered around resin additives such as microbond, latex, and crystal seal. Microbond is a white mineral cement-based liquid with exceptional performances when combined with cement. Latex is composed of rubber particles dispersed in water, usually found in white liquid form. Crystal seal is a yellow colloidal material highly regarded for sealing properties when mixed with concrete mixtures. These additives were individually incorporated into cement-based samples, in varying concentrations, for testing the changes in properties suitable for well integrity considerations. Highly specialized and sophisticated cement testing apparatuses, such as the ultrasonic cement analyzer (UCA), static gel Strength machine (SGSM), and curing chamber, have been used to perform qualitative and quantitative property gradient tests. Based on the performed experimental tests results, the optimal additive resin for a class G cement slurry is the microbond additive at a concentration of 7.5%. The results highlighted its ability to enhance the cement compressive strength by 52%. Additionally, the transit time showed a 26–42% range decrease in the travel period, indicating that the cement was stronger under increased pressure and temperature. This can clear up the permeable section of the well wherein the cement-resin slurry could efficiently close off wellbore intersecting faults and, therefore, prevent possible connections between the wellbore and water zones in the subsurface. As a result, microbond, latex, and crystal seal, respectively, show the effect of varying controlled conditions as functions of the increase in concentration, curing time, and temperature to its comparable properties such as breakload, compressive strength, and ultimate break force. This study can further support future analysis in improving the reliability of petroleum well constructions.

Other Information

Published in: Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13202-023-01608-3

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Springer Nature

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Texas A&M University at Qatar

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