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Application of FTIR and LA-ICPMS Spectroscopies as a Possible Approach for Biochemical Analyses of Different Rat Brain Regions

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submitted on 2024-03-12, 09:57 and posted on 2024-03-12, 09:57 authored by Mohamed H. M. Ali, Fazle Rakib, Volker Nischwitz, Ehsan Ullah, Raghvendra Mall, Amjad Shraim, M. Ahmad, Zafar Ghouri, Donald McNaughton, Stephan Küppers, Tariq Ahmed, Khalid Al-Saad

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) is a non-destructive analytical technique that has been employed in this research to characterize the biochemical make-up of various rat brain regions. The sensorimotor cortex, caudate putamen, thalamus, and the hippocampus were found to have higher olefinic content—an indicator of a higher degree of unsaturated fatty acids—rich in short-chain fatty acids, and low in ester and lipid contents. While the regions of the corpus callosum, internal, and external capsule were found to contain long-chained and higher-esterified saturated fatty acids. These molecular differences may reflect the roles of the specific regions in information processing and can provide a unique biochemical platform for future studies on the earlier detection of pathology development in the brain, as a consequence of disease or injury. Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (LA-ICP-MS) is another vital analytical technique that was used in this work to analyze the elements’ distribution patterns in various regions of the brain. The complementary data sets allowed the characterization of the brain regions, the chemical dominating groups, and the elemental composition. This set-up may be used for the investigation of changes in the brain caused by diseases and help create a deeper understanding of the interactions between the organic and elemental composition.

Other Information

Published in: Applied Sciences
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app8122436

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

MDPI

Publication Year

  • 2018

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University
  • Qatar Biomedical Research Institute - HBKU
  • Qatar Computing Research Institute - HBKU
  • Qatar University
  • Central Laboratories Unit - QU
  • College of Arts and Sciences - QU
  • Texas A&M University at Qatar

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