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Airbag-related penetrating injuries: A case series from a level 1 trauma center

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submitted on 2023-08-20, 08:33 and posted on 2023-08-23, 11:11 authored by Sherwan Khoschnau, Ahmed F. Ramzee, Ayman El-Menyar, Ruben Peralta, Rafael Consunji, Ahmad Kloub, Ahmed Ajaj, Husham Abdelrahman, Hassan Al-Thani

Background

Airbags have significantly reduced the morbidity and mortality associated with trauma following motor vehicle crashes. However, airbags can also be associated with unusual and complex patterns of injuries which could be fatal in some cases.

Methods

We collected data and described a series of six cases of penetrating injuries related to airbag deployment that were treated at the Hamad Trauma Center (HTC) of Hamad Medical Corporation which is the only level 1 trauma center in the country.

Results

The penetrating injuries were caused by a metal fragment from the inflator component of the airbag which acted as a projectile and was associated with two fatalities. Four of the victims were involved in head on collisions. Most injuries were directly attributable to the airbag projectile, and they occurred in vehicles that were 9 years or more since manufacture.

Conclusion

This case series would help the trauma healthcare providers to better understand the airbag-related injuries which influence the management approach for road traffic injuries associated with penetrating trauma. Also, it would bring attention to injury prevention teams as well as state and industrial authorities to reevaluate safety standards in vehicles. Sharing this information with local authorities who govern product safety standards and recalls is essential to ensure that more safety actions are taken to prevent further airbag deployment injuries.

Other Information

Published in: Trauma Case Reports
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
See article on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2023.100890

Funding

Open Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Elsevier

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Hamad General Hospital - HMC
  • Weill Cornell Medicine - Qatar

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