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A case report of Pasteurella multocida meningitis in a patient with non-traumatic skull base defect

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submitted on 2023-10-03, 09:44 and posted on 2023-10-03, 10:03 authored by Mohamed Kamal Sabra, Adeel Ahmad Khan, Musaed Al Samawi, Yasser El Deeb


Pasteurella multocida is a gram-negative coccobacillus that is primarily found in oropharynx of dogs, cats and other animals. It causes infections in human beings through contact with animal saliva in the form of licks, bites and scratches of animals colonized by the bacteria. Meningitis due to Pasteurella multocida is rare in immunocompetent individuals. We report a case of meningitis due to Pasteurella multocida in an immunocompetent patient.

Case report

A 30-year-old gentleman presented with 2-day history of fever and neck stiffness. 6 weeks earlier, he was treated as a case of bacterial meningitis. During that hospital stay, he was diagnosed to have bony defect in the sellar floor based on MRI head performed to evaluate for a prolonged history of CSF rhinorrhea. He was discharged and scheduled for an elective endoscopic endonasal/open repair of the skull base defect after resolution of meningitis. CSF findings during current admission also showed features of bacterial meningitis. CSF culture showed Pasteurella multocida sensitive to penicillin, ampicillin and ceftriaxone. Retrospective history revealed patient’s contact with stray cats as he used to feed them but there was no history of licks, bites. He was treated with intravenous ceftriaxone 2 g twice a day for 14 days with complete resolution of his symptoms.


Pasteurella multocida is an important cause of bacterial meningitis in patients with skull defect. Patients with traumatic or non-traumatic bony defect of skull should avoid contact with dogs and cats to prevent the spread of infection the central nervous system.

Other Information

Published in: IDCases
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  • English


Elsevier BV

Publication Year

  • 2020

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • Hamad Medical Corporation
  • Al Khor Hospital - HMC

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