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A Comparative Study on Cure Kinetics of Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH)/Epoxy Nanocomposites

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journal contribution
submitted on 2024-06-06, 07:55 and posted on 2024-06-06, 07:56 authored by Zohre Karami, Seyed Mohammad Reza Paran, Poornima Vijayan P., Mohammad Reza Ganjali, Maryam Jouyandeh, Amin Esmaeili, Sajjad Habibzadeh, Florian J. Stadler, Mohammad Reza Saeb

Layered double hydroxide (LDH) minerals are promising candidates for developing polymer nanocomposites and the exchange of intercalating anions and metal ions in the LDH structure considerably affects their ultimate properties. Despite the fact that the synthesis of various kinds of LDHs has been the subject of numerous studies, the cure kinetics of LDH-based thermoset polymer composites has rarely been investigated. Herein, binary and ternary structures, including [Mg0.75 Al0.25 (OH)2]0.25+ [(CO32−)0.25/2∙m H2O]0.25−, [Mg0.75 Al0.25 (OH)2]0.25+ [(NO3)0.25∙m H2O]0.25− and [Mg0.64 Zn0.11 Al0.25 (OH)2]0.25+ [(CO32−)0.25/2∙m H2O]0.25−, have been incorporated into epoxy to study the cure kinetics of the resulting nanocomposites by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Both integral and differential isoconversional methods serve to study the non-isothermal curing reactions of epoxy nanocomposites. The effects of carbonate and nitrate ions as intercalating agents on the cure kinetics are also discussed. The activation energy of cure () was calculated based on the Friedman and Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose (KAS) methods for epoxy/LDH nanocomposites. The order of autocatalytic reaction (m) for the epoxy/Mg-Al-NO3 (0.30 and 0.254 calculated by the Friedman and KAS methods, respectively) was smaller than that of the neat epoxy, which suggested a shift of the curing mechanism from an autocatalytic to noncatalytic reaction. Moreover, a higher frequency factor for the aforementioned nanocomposite suggests that the incorporation of Mg-Al-NO3 in the epoxy composite improved the curability of the epoxy. The results elucidate that the intercalating anions and the metal constituent of LDH significantly govern the cure kinetics of epoxy by the participation of nitrate anions in the epoxide ring-opening reaction.

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Published in: Journal of Composites Science
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The University of Doha for Science and Technology replaced the now-former College of the North Atlantic-Qatar after an Amiri decision in 2022. UDST has become and first national applied University in Qatar; it is also second national University in the country.



  • English



Publication Year

  • 2020

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This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • College of the North Atlantic - Qatar (-2022)
  • School of Engineering Technology and Industrial Trades - CNA-Q (-2022)
  • University of Doha for Science and Technology
  • College of Engineering and Technology - UDST

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