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Language Policies and Ideologies in Qatar : Is Resistance to English-Medium Instruction the Right Resistance?

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submitted on 2024-02-15, 09:08 and posted on 2024-02-15, 09:15 authored by Sara Hillman

Neoliberalism, globalisation, and English language hegemony have contributed to the adoption of Western “travelling policies” in the Arab Gulf states, such as building knowledge-based economies and the implementation of English-medium instruction in schools and universities. In Qatar, as well as in other Arab Gulf states like the United Arab Emirates, this has led to ideologies of English-medium instruction and Arabic-medium instruction being in competition with each other. The result of these ideologies in Qatar has been several abrupt shifts between English-medium instruction and Arabic-medium instruction in language policies for government schools and the leading national university, and other broader efforts to preserve and promote the Arabic language. This chapter first provides an overview of the macro sociolinguistic situation and the roles, status, and functions of English in Qatar. It then describes the shifts between English-medium instruction and Arabic-medium instruction in language policies and implications for cultural and linguistic identities in Qatar. Finally, the chapter reflects on Qatar’s strong resistance to EMI among the Arab Gulf states and the future of English-medium instruction and Arabic-medium instruction in the country.

Other Information

Published in: English as a Medium of Instruction on the Arabian Peninsula
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
See chapter on publisher's website: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003183594-5

Editors: Mark Wyatt and Glenda El Gamal

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Routledge

Publication Year

  • 2023

License statement

This Item is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Institution affiliated with

  • Texas A&M University at Qatar

Geographic coverage

Qatar