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Gender mainstreaming in Africa

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submitted on 2023-09-11, 11:38 and posted on 2023-09-13, 11:34 authored by Diana Højlund Madsen, Amanda Gouws, Asiyati Lorraine Chiweza

The introduction of gender mainstreaming (GM) with the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies in 1985 and the Beijing Platform for Action in 1995 was widely seen by actors at the national and international levels as the global strategy for bringing the issue of gender inequality into the centre of mainstream policymaking (Madsen 2012). Diferent approaches to gender mainstreaming co-exist – the integrationist, the agenda-setting and diversity mainstreaming. The integrationist approach builds gender into the existing policy agenda, but with no transformation as a result. In contrast, the agenda-setting approach implies a transformation of the policy agenda through the participation of women in decision-making processes ( Jahan 1995). Diversity mainstreaming is an approach based on the inclusion of other intersecting categories like age, class, ethnicity, sexuality, etc. It is based on a critique of the two former approaches that the integrationist approach is technocratic and based on professional gender expertise only, leading to a depoliticisation of gender mainstreaming. Conversely, the agenda-setting approach is freezing women’s identities by neglecting aspects other than their gender (Squires 2005).

Other Information

Published in: Routledge Handbook of Public Policy in Africa
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
See chapter on publisher's website: https://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781003143840-54

History

Language

  • English

Publisher

Routledge

Publication Year

  • 2021

License statement

This chapter is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Institution affiliated with

  • College of Public Policy - HBKU
  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University

Geographic coverage

Africa

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